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Java Socket如何使用加密协议传输对象

发布时间:2021-11-07 02:13:25

本篇文章为大家展示了Java Socket如何使用加密协议传输对象,内容简明扼要并且容易理解,绝对能使你眼前一亮,通过这篇文章的详细介绍希望你能有所收获。

前面几篇博文提到了Socket中一些常用的用法,但是对于一些有安全要求的应用就需要加密传输的数据,此时就需要用到SSLSocket了。

还是一样需要一个实现了java.io.Serializable接口的简单Java对象:

package com.googlecode.garbagecan.test.socket.ssl;   public class User implements java.io.Serializable {      private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;      private String name;      private String password;       public User() {                }            public User(String name, String password) {          this.name = name;          this.password = password;      }            public String getName() {          return name;      }       public void setName(String name) {          this.name = name;      }       public String getPassword() {          return password;      }       public void setPassword(String password) {          this.password = password;      }        }

SSL Server类,这里需要用到ServerSocketFactory类来创建SSLServerSocket类实例,然后在通过SSLServerSocket来获取SSLSocket实例,这里考虑到面向对象中的面向接口编程的理念,所以代码中并没有出现SSLServerSocket和SSLSocket,而是用了他们的父类ServerSocket和Socket。在获取到ServerSocket和Socket实例以后,剩下的代码就和不使用加密方式一样了。

package com.googlecode.garbagecan.test.socket.ssl;   import java.io.BufferedInputStream;  import java.io.IOException;  import java.io.ObjectInputStream;  import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;  import java.net.ServerSocket;  import java.net.Socket;  import java.util.logging.Level;  import java.util.logging.Logger;   import javax.net.ServerSocketFactory;  import javax.net.ssl.SSLServerSocketFactory;   public class MyServer {            private final static Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(MyServer.class.getName());            public static void main(String[] args) {          try {              ServerSocketFactory factory = SSLServerSocketFactory.getDefault();              ServerSocket server = factory.createServerSocket(10000);                            while (true) {                  Socket socket = server.accept();                  invoke(socket);              }          } catch (Exception ex) {              ex.printStackTrace();          }      }            private static void invoke(final Socket socket) throws IOException {          new Thread(new Runnable() {              public void run() {                  ObjectInputStream is = null;                  ObjectOutputStream os = null;                  try {                      is = new ObjectInputStream(new BufferedInputStream(socket.getInputStream()));                      os = new ObjectOutputStream(socket.getOutputStream());                       Object obj = is.readObject();                      User user = (User)obj;                      System.out.println("user: " + user.getName() + "/" + user.getPassword());                       user.setName(user.getName() + "_new");                      user.setPassword(user.getPassword() + "_new");                       os.writeObject(user);                      os.flush();                  } catch (IOException ex) {                      logger.log(Level.SEVERE, null, ex);                  } catch(ClassNotFoundException ex) {                      logger.log(Level.SEVERE, null, ex);                  } finally {                      try {                          is.close();                      } catch(Exception ex) {}                      try {                          os.close();                      } catch(Exception ex) {}                      try {                          socket.close();                      } catch(Exception ex) {}                  }              }          }).start();      }  }

SSL Client类和SSL Server类类似,只是将其中获取Socket的方式有所变化,其余的代码也和不使用加密方式一样。

package com.googlecode.garbagecan.test.socket.ssl;   import java.io.BufferedInputStream;  import java.io.IOException;  import java.io.ObjectInputStream;  import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;  import java.net.Socket;  import java.util.logging.Level;  import java.util.logging.Logger;   import javax.net.SocketFactory;  import javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory;   public class MyClient {        private final static Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(MyClient.class.getName());       public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {          for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++) {              Socket socket = null;              ObjectOutputStream os = null;              ObjectInputStream is = null;                            try {                  SocketFactory factory = SSLSocketFactory.getDefault();                  socket = factory.createSocket("localhost", 10000);                        os = new ObjectOutputStream(socket.getOutputStream());                  User user = new User("user_" + i, "password_" + i);                  os.writeObject(user);                  os.flush();                                    is = new ObjectInputStream(new BufferedInputStream(socket.getInputStream()));                  Object obj = is.readObject();                  if (obj != null) {                      user = (User)obj;                      System.out.println("user: " + user.getName() + "/" + user.getPassword());                  }              } catch(IOException ex) {                  logger.log(Level.SEVERE, null, ex);              } finally {                  try {                      is.close();                  } catch(Exception ex) {}                  try {                      os.close();                  } catch(Exception ex) {}                  try {                      socket.close();                  } catch(Exception ex) {}              }          }      }  }

代码写完了,下面就需要产生keystore文件了,运行下面的命令

keytool -genkey -alias mysocket -keyalg RSA -keystore mysocket.jks

在提示输入项中,密码项自己给定,其它都不改直接回车,这里我使用的密码是“mysocket”。

运行Server

java -Djavax.net.ssl.keyStore=mysocket.jks -Djavax.net.ssl.keyStorePassword=mysocket com.googlecode.garbagecan.test.socket.ssl.MyServer

运行Client

java -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStore=mysocket.jks  -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword=mysocket com.googlecode.garbagecan.test.socket.ssl.MyClient

上述内容就是Java Socket如何使用加密协议传输对象,你们学到知识或技能了吗?如果还想学到更多技能或者丰富自己的知识储备,欢迎关注血鸟云行业资讯频道。


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