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asp.net 中怎么实现一个Oracle数据库访问操作类

发布时间:2021-09-01 04:06:52⊙投诉举报

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代码如下:


using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.OracleClient;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Data.Common;
using System.Collections.Generic;

    /// <summary>
    /// 数据访问抽象基础类
    ///
    /// </summary>
public class DBBase
{


    //数据库连接字符串(web.config来配置),可以动态更改connectionString支持多数据库.       
    public static string connectionString = System.Configuration.ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["ConnectionString1"].ToString();
    public DBBase()
    {
    }

    #region 检查用户名是否存在
    /// <summary>
    /// 检查用户名是否存在,存在返回true,不存在返回false
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="strSql"></param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public static bool Exists(string strSql)
    {

        using (OracleConnection connection = new OracleConnection(connectionString))
        {
            connection.Open();
            OracleCommand myCmd = new OracleCommand(strSql, connection);
            try
            { 
                object obj = myCmd.ExecuteScalar(); //返回结果的第一行一列
                myCmd.Parameters.Clear();
                if ((Object.Equals(obj, null)) || (Object.Equals(obj, System.DBNull.Value)))
                {
                    return false;
                }
                else
                {
                    return true;
                }          
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
             {
                 throw ex;
             }
       }
    }

    #endregion

    #region  执行简单SQL语句 返回影响的记录数

    /// <summary>
    /// 执行SQL语句,返回影响的记录数
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="SQLString">SQL语句</param>
    /// <returns>影响的记录数</returns>
    public static int ExecuteSql(string SQLString)
    {

        OracleConnection connection = null;
        OracleCommand cmd = null;
        try
        {
            connection = new OracleConnection(connectionString);
            cmd = new OracleCommand(SQLString, connection);
            connection.Open();
            int rows = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
            return rows;
        }
        finally
        {
            if (cmd != null)
            {
                cmd.Dispose();
            }
            if (connection != null)
            {
                connection.Close();
                connection.Dispose();
            }
        }
    }
       #endregion

    #region   执行查询语句,返回SqlDataReader
    /// <summary>
    /// 执行查询语句,返回SqlDataReader ( 注意:调用该方法后,一定要对SqlDataReader进行Close )
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="strSQL">查询语句</param>
    /// <returns>SqlDataReader</returns>
    public static OracleDataReader ExecuteReader(string strSQL)
    {
        OracleConnection connection = new OracleConnection(connectionString);
        OracleCommand cmd = new OracleCommand(strSQL, connection);
        try
        {
            connection.Open();
            OracleDataReader myReader = cmd.ExecuteReader(CommandBehavior.CloseConnection);
            return myReader;
        }
        catch (System.Data.OracleClient.OracleException e)
        {
            throw e;
        }
        finally
        {
            connection.Close();

        }
    }
    #endregion

    #region  执行SQL查询语句,返回DataTable数据表
    /// <summary>
    /// 执行SQL查询语句
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="sqlStr"></param>
    /// <returns>返回DataTable数据表</returns>
    public static DataTable GetDataTable(string sqlStr)
    {
        OracleConnection mycon = new OracleConnection(connectionString);
        OracleCommand mycmd = new OracleCommand(sqlStr, mycon);
        DataTable dt = new DataTable();
        OracleDataAdapter da = null;
        try
        {
            mycon.Open();
            da = new OracleDataAdapter(sqlStr, mycon);
            da.Fill(dt);


        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {

            throw new Exception(ex.ToString());
        }
        finally
        {
            mycon.Close();
        }
        return dt;
    }
    #endregion

    #region 存储过程操作
    /// <summary>
    ///  运行存储过程,返回datatable;
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="storedProcName">存储过程名称</param>
    /// <param name="parameters">参数</param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public static DataTable RunProcedureDatatable(string storedProcName, IDataParameter[] parameters)
    {
        using (OracleConnection connection = new OracleConnection(connectionString))
        {
            DataSet ds = new DataSet();
            connection.Open();
            OracleDataAdapter sqlDA = new OracleDataAdapter();
            sqlDA.SelectCommand = BuildQueryCommand(connection, storedProcName, parameters);
            sqlDA.Fill(ds);
            connection.Close();
            return ds.Tables[0];
        }
    }
    /// <summary>
    /// 执行存储过程
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="storedProcName">存储过程名称</param>
    /// <param name="parameters">参数</param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public static int RunProcedure(string storedProcName, IDataParameter[] parameters)
    {
        using (OracleConnection connection = new OracleConnection(connectionString))
        {
            try
            {
                connection.Open();
                OracleCommand command = new OracleCommand(storedProcName, connection);
                command.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;
                foreach (OracleParameter parameter in parameters)
                {
                    if (parameter != null)
                    {
                        // 检查未分配值的输出参数,将其分配以DBNull.Value.
                        if ((parameter.Direction == ParameterDirection.InputOutput || parameter.Direction == ParameterDirection.Input) &&
                            (parameter.Value == null))
                        {
                            parameter.Value = DBNull.Value;
                        }
                        command.Parameters.Add(parameter);
                    }
                }
               int rows = command.ExecuteNonQuery();
               return rows;
            }

            finally
            {
                connection.Close();
            }
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 构建 OracleCommand 对象(用来返回一个结果集,而不是一个整数值)
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="connection">数据库连接</param>
    /// <param name="storedProcName">存储过程名</param>
    /// <param name="parameters">存储过程参数</param>
    /// <returns>OracleCommand</returns>
    private static OracleCommand BuildQueryCommand(OracleConnection connection, string storedProcName, IDataParameter[] parameters)
    {
        OracleCommand command = new OracleCommand(storedProcName, connection);
        command.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;
        foreach (OracleParameter parameter in parameters)
        {
            if (parameter != null)
            {
                // 检查未分配值的输出参数,将其分配以DBNull.Value.
                if ((parameter.Direction == ParameterDirection.InputOutput || parameter.Direction == ParameterDirection.Input) &&
                    (parameter.Value == null))
                {
                    parameter.Value = DBNull.Value;
                }
                command.Parameters.Add(parameter);
            }
        }
        return command;
    }


    #endregion

    #region 事务处理

    /// <summary>
    /// 执行多条SQL语句(list的形式),实现数据库事务。
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="SQLStringList">多条SQL语句</param>   
    /// 调用 Transaction 对象的 Commit 方法来完成事务,或调用 Rollback 方法来取消事务。
    public static int ExecuteSqlTran(List<String> SQLStringList)
    {
        using (OracleConnection connection = new OracleConnection(connectionString))
        {
            connection.Open();
            // 为事务创建一个命令
            OracleCommand cmd = new OracleCommand();
            cmd.Connection = connection;
            OracleTransaction tx = connection.BeginTransaction();// 启动一个事务
            cmd.Transaction = tx;
            try
            {
                int count = 0;
                for (int n = 0; n < SQLStringList.Count; n++)
                {
                    string strsql = SQLStringList[n];
                    if (strsql.Trim().Length > 1)
                    {
                        cmd.CommandText = strsql;
                        count += cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
                    }
                }
                tx.Commit();//用Commit方法来完成事务
                return count;//
            }
            catch
            {
                tx.Rollback();//出现错误,事务回滚!
                return 0;
            }
            finally
            {
                cmd.Dispose();
                connection.Close();//关闭连接
            }
        }
    }
    #endregion
    #region 事务处理

    /// <summary>
    /// 执行多条SQL语句(字符串数组形式),实现数据库事务。
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="SQLStringList">多条SQL语句</param>   
    /// 调用 Transaction 对象的 Commit 方法来完成事务,或调用 Rollback 方法来取消事务。
    public static int ExecuteTransaction(string[] SQLStringList,int p)
    {
        using (OracleConnection connection = new OracleConnection(connectionString))
        {
            connection.Open();
            // 为事务创建一个命令
            OracleCommand cmd = new OracleCommand();
            cmd.Connection = connection;
            OracleTransaction tx = connection.BeginTransaction();// 启动一个事务
            cmd.Transaction = tx;
            try
            {
                int count = 0;
                for (int n = 0; n < p; n++)
                {
                    string strsql = SQLStringList[n];
                    if (strsql.Trim().Length > 1)
                    {
                        cmd.CommandText = strsql;
                        count += cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
                    }
                }
                tx.Commit();//用Commit方法来完成事务
                return count;//
            }
            catch
            {
                tx.Rollback();//出现错误,事务回滚!
                return 0;
            }
            finally
            {
                cmd.Dispose();
                connection.Close();//关闭连接
            }
        }
    }

    #endregion
    /// <summary>
    /// 执行存储过程获取所需编号(各表主键)
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="FlowName">存储过程参数</param>
    /// <param name="StepLen">存储过程参数(默认为1)</param>
    /// <returns>编号(各表主键)</returns>
    public static string Get_FlowNum(string FlowName, int StepLen = 1)
    {
        OracleConnection mycon = new OracleConnection(connectionString);
        try
        {
            mycon.Open();
            OracleCommand MyCommand = new OracleCommand("ALARM_GET_FLOWNUMBER", mycon);
            MyCommand.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;
            MyCommand.Parameters.Add(new OracleParameter("I_FlowName", OracleType.VarChar, 50));
            MyCommand.Parameters["I_FlowName"].Value = FlowName;
            MyCommand.Parameters.Add(new OracleParameter("I_SeriesNum", OracleType.Number));
            MyCommand.Parameters["I_SeriesNum"].Value = StepLen;
            MyCommand.Parameters.Add(new OracleParameter("O_FlowValue", OracleType.Number));
            MyCommand.Parameters["O_FlowValue"].Direction = ParameterDirection.Output;
            MyCommand.ExecuteNonQuery();
            return MyCommand.Parameters["O_FlowValue"].Value.ToString();
        }
        catch
        {
            return "";
        }
        finally
        {
            mycon.Close();
        }
    }

}

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